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Home»Microsites»The Walls

General description of the wall

 

It is 3 km 406 m long. The thickness of the wall reaches 2.5 m. The average height of the Wall from the foundations to the crowning merlons is some 9.47 m.

GATES

The gates enabled the Wall to be sealed, not only against possible invasion, but for judicial, political and fiscal motives with an entry charge for people and goods.

- Puerta de San Andrés [San Andrés Gate].
- Puerta de Santiago [Santiago Gate].
- Puerta de San Cebrián [San Cebrián Gate].
- Puerta de San Juan [San Juan Gate] (no longer standing).
- Puerta de San Martín [San Martín Gate] (no longer standing).

WICKET GATES

A wicket gate is an opening in the wall smaller than a gate and was used for pedestrians.

- Postigo del Obispo [Bishop Wicket Gate] (no longer standing).
- Postigo del Alcázar [Fortress Wicket Gate] (no longer standing).
- Postigo de La Fuente Cercada [Enclosed Fountain Wicket Gate] (no longer standing).
- Postigo de San Matías or Picado [San Matías or Picado Wicket Gate] (no longer standing).
- Postigo de San Juan de los Caballeros [San Juan de los Caballeros Wicket Gate].
- Postigo del Consuelo or Santa Columba [Consolation or Santa Columba Wicket Gate].
- Postigo de La Luna or del Rastro [The Moon or Slaughterhouse Wicket Gate]..
- Postigo del Sol, de San Miguel, de los Coroneles or del Corpus Christi [The Sun, San Miguel, Colonels or Corpus Christi Wicket Gates].

FORTRESS HOUSES

Fortified houses along the Wall:
- El Alcázar [Fortress].
- La Casa del Sol or Matadero [House of the Sun or Slaughterhouse].
- La Casa de los Picos [Diamond Tip House].
- La Casa de los condes de Chinchón, de los marqueses de Moya [The House of the Counts of Chinchón, of the Marquises of Moya].
- La Casa de los Cáceres or Casa del marqués de Lozoya [The House of the Cáceres Family or The House of the Marquis of Lozoya].

TURRETS AND TOWERS

The number of turrets and towers is estimated to be 86, of which 80 are currently still standing. These maintain the stability and assisted in the defence of the Wall, reinforcing the weakest points which are always those in which there is a change of direction.

Turrets are those with a circular base and towers are those with a square or rectangular base. Towers are more predominant in number than turrets.

ADARVE [PARAPETS]

Some of these may be visited (in San Cebrián, San Andrés, Ronda de Don Juan II, Obispado, Zuloaga, Postigo del Consuelo or Jardín de los Poetas).

CONSTRUCTION AND MATERIALS

The wall was built using traditional techniques: ordinary masonry in some parts, in others with stone wall and timber framework and, in others, with the framework formed directly with a line of well-positioned masonry. Mortar is lime and sand, although low quality sand with a high content of mortar and silt, which accounts for its redness in colour.

In general, the wall, towers and turrets are made with limestone masonry.

 

 

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